The Basic Rules of Badminton – What to Know?

Before getting started in any sport it is essential to know its rules and objectives, especially when it may seem as simple as badminton. In this article, we have talked about the basic rules of badminton. Do not be fooled; This sport is more than a racket and points against your opponent.

What is Badminton?

Badminton is a game of racket and ball (called a shuttle), in light and pleasant appearance. But the fact that the ball weighs only a few grams does not prevent it from really being a hard and demanding sport, of continuous movement, which requires elasticity and resistance.

The origins of badminton can be found in the game of the wheel, which dates back to no less than millenary China. In the year 2000 before Jesus Christ, and under the reign of Emperor Huang-Ti. It was played by sending with force a steering wheel or disc with feathers that the athletes placed and recovered in the hollow of the hand.

In the nineteenth century, the English saw badminton practice in India, with the name “Poona” and the British officer Baldwin explained it to his friend the Duke of Beaufort. In 1872 the rules of the game were created.

The badminton is played individually or in pairs and the objective is to throw a ball or flyer of cork and feathers over a net on a signposted track. The player throws it, receives it and throws it again. All this without allowing it to touch the ground.

The game starts with a throw from the area on the right to diagonally opposite and continues with the rally until one of the two players or a pair commits a foul. The game develops very quickly.

Basic Rules of Badminton – What to Know?

Badminton, like tennis, is a racquet sport that is practiced with two players or two teams of two players each. Your goal or your team’s goal is to score 21 points. A point is scored when it is successfully served and the opposing team commits a foul, which means that the team has failed to properly return the shuttle.


To win the game, you must score 21 points and be two points apart. This means that if both teams have a score of 20, one of the two teams will win by 22-20 and so on.

If you or your opponent can not win with 2 points of difference and continue until the score scores 29, the first team will win in scoring 30 points.
The first team to win two sets wins the game. If the match score is 1-1, a decisive third set must be played.


The first service of a badminton game must be made from the middle of the right service zone towards the diagonally opposite area of the opposite field.

If the side that serves commits a foul, then the side to which he had to receive wins one point and the turn of service. If the serving side scores correctly but the receiving side commits a foul, then the serving team moves from one serving area to the other and continues to serve. There is a point scored after each service (unlike volleyball, for example).

In doubles games, each team has only one “service”. So if a player of a team serves and fails, then he automatically gives him a point and the option to take the opposing team, so when the receiving team wins a point and obtains the service, the team does not change the service area but instead serves the same place where they are standing. If they win the first service point, then the players swap positions from right to left.

After each set, the players change sides of the field and the team that won the previous match starts serving the next game.

basic rules of badminton


In badminton a foul is committed if:

  • Hit the wheel above the waist or the head of the racket is above the hand at the time of service.
  • If at the time of service, the server or the recipient is outside the area that corresponds to them.
  • the server, trying to get out, does not hit the steering wheel
  • when taking off, the steering wheel gets caught in the net and is suspended above, or after passing over the net it hooks into the net.
  • while at stake: falls outside the bounds of the track passing through, or under the net, does not pass over the net, touches the roof or side walls, touches the body or clothes of a player, or touches Any other object or person outside the immediate vicinity of the track, or if the first point of contact with the wheel is not on the side of the player’s hitting net.
  • If player is at stake: touching the net or its supports with the racket, body or clothing, invading the opponent’s court with the racket or body, obstructing an opponent (for example, preventing him from playing a legal blow when the shuttle is followed with the racket over the net), purposely distracts an opponent with any action such as shouting or gesturing.
  • While the shuttle is in play: it is held and held in the racket, and then thrown during the execution of a stroke, hit twice in a row by the same player with two strokes, hit by a player and the player’s partner successively, or touch a player’s racket and continue to the bottom of that player’s court.

They are the basic rules of badminton. If you understand all of those, you are ready to play this game. If you looking for more or want to know about the official rules of badminton, Click here!